The History of Leith


The storyplot of Leith On the Firth of Forth near to Scotland’s Capital city is the Slot of Leith. Not a big Port by international requirements but despite this one of the most popular ports not only in Scotland but additionally in the United Kingdom. Within its little compass the story of Ireland can be told. It has noticed war and death, times during the plague, battles on the Up, Kings and Queens connected with Scotland, days of high journey, the Reformation of the Cathedral of Scotland started right here and was completed in Leith in 1560 decided on the particular battle field between Leith and Edinburgh at the Stress of Leith, it has viewed Trials for Witchcraft, Often the Knight Templars (Crusaders) as well as the Knights of St Steve from Torphican, The Industrial Trend which brought wealth to a couple and misery to the a lot of (the industrial Revolution is the period from the late eighteenth century to throughout the nineteenth century which saw individuals move from the countryside in to the large towns and towns to find work in the completely new factories driven by the recently invented steam engines, in addition, it seen the development of steam teaches, the replacement of wooden hull ships by steam boats (eg the Sirius built in Leith in the nineteenth century was the first steamship to cross the Atlantic), the list of famous people as well as events in the history associated with Leith is endless. So how to begin the Story….

Imagine inside you minds eye some sort of river running through a thicker forest. Within the forest usually are deer, wolves, foxes, has and the Great Elk. Within the banks of the river is actually a small village of the Votandini these are a Celtic individuals who covered their bodies in Tattoo designs from head to foot. Inside battle they would cut in the heads of their enemies and also drill holes in the head (Trepanning) after which they were smothered around sacred wells. The concept was that the spirits on the dead warriors would safeguard the sacred wells via evil spirits because throughout Celtic Mythology the water wells were gateways to the other globe. The world of Ghosts and state of mind such as the earth spirits, typically the spirits of the nature. This has been Leith almost 3000 in years past before the Romans ever observed our district long before often the district was ever referred to as Leith. Near to the village must have been a clearing in the forest plus the people decided to hack a new path from the village on the clearing and the clearing evolved into the village Graveyard. The road from the village to the cleaning became in time the “Kirkgate” and for centuries chapels had been built along the Kirkgate. The actual Graveyard in time became the actual Churchyard of South Leith Parish Church. It is identified from archaeology that Southern Leith Parish Church rests on an ancient Celtic holy site.

The name Leith alone comes from two possible root base. If you look at old maps regarding Leith the spelling involving Leith Changes in several different approaches but the main spellings tend to be “Leeth” and “Lyth” this is of “Leeth” is a crossroads and Lyth means seafood in short Leith was the city which could be approached from your east or west across the coast or from the To the south and it was possible for you to catch a ferry to visit north across the Forth this also had a fish marketplace. The people paying their tithes (a tenth of their revenue were paid to the church) in fish, which was consumed on the many holy times of the Roman Catholic Chapel.

The first mention of Leith is within founding charter of Holyrood Abbey in 1128 by which it is called “InverLeith”. The term “Inver” meaning from the Gaelic, the mouth of a river. Resulting in the assumption that the waterway got its name from a loved ones called Leith. The only issue with this is there was never children called Leith connected to Leith to give it its name. Additionally Leith was never the Gaelic speaking area it probably is Anglo- Saxon and created part along with Edinburgh connected with Northumbria, which was made up of 2 Kingdoms Bernica and Deria with its capital at Bamburgh.

The first important family attached to Leith was the de Lestalric family who were Normans asked into Scotland by John I and they built any castle at Lochend providing the district around that the name in later years Restalrig. That family died out in 1382 and passed onto the particular Logan family until 1609 when James VI disinherited the Logan family to get high treason. After which it absolutely was held by the Balmerino household until 1746 which for their adherence to the Jacobite bring about (ie supporters of the Stewart cause to claim the tub of Great Britain) God Balmerino was not only disinherited but was beheaded with regard to treason. Leith was handed down to Lord Murray before 1920’s when all the leftover land at Restalrig along with Lochend was passed into the Edinburgh Council.

The main investments in the past were Shipbuilding, your wine Trade, flour milling, cookie making, rope making along with the Timber Trade. In Leith Ramage and Fergusons, Hawthorns did shipbuilding. Cran in addition to Somerville, Robb and Mortons. Rope making was carried out at the Roperie at Salmander St. Along with these ended up being sugar refining and Cup making.

So how did Leith become the Principal Port regarding Scotland? This happened with 1296. Edward I associated with England realised that the simply way to defeat the Scottish was by destroying our economy of the country. At this time made of woll from the Border Abbeys including Melrose and Kelso seemed to be exported to the Low Nations (Belgium and Holland that have been part of what was called the Hanseatic League) through Berwick. Thus in 1296 Berwick had been destroyed, something like 7-9000 citizens were killed, and the trade has been destroyed. The monks acquired a problem, which was solved simply by putting the wool within the backs of horses on the hills, up the Old Dalkeith road, around Arthur Chair, and into Leith and thus from 1296 to 1707 Leith was the Principal Interface for Scotland. In 1707 due to Union of Parliaments Glasgow gradually superseded Leith due to the Clyde being much deeper and because of Trade along with North America.

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